Ever heard of a sustainable farm? Create your own sustainable resources that you already have. Or resources that you can easily find in local stores and outlets near you. Sustainable farming shouldn’t have to be as complicated as you think it is.
With the right tools and tips, you’ll be in on it in no time!
Sustainable Farm: What Is Sustainable Farming?
The word “sustainable” is related to being environmentally-friendly. With that, sustainable farming is a kind of simple agriculture that aims to have the least (or none at all) harmful effects on the environment.
Much of today’s farming, especially ones focused on mass production for commercial purposes, are more or less damaging to Mother Nature. Overcrowding and planting the same type of crops year after year, using pesticides… These harms not only the crops themselves but the soil. And when the soil loses its nutrients, it can no longer be useful. This is called soil degradation.
At the same time, waterlogging, pesticide contamination, etc.— these may allow you to yield much for the time being. However, not so in the long run. Therefore, this is where sustainable farming can help you and the planet produce yield with the least amount of harmful effects.
Sustainable Farm: Basic Sustainable Farming Practices
1. Rotating Crops And Exploring Crop Diversity
Crop rotation focuses on changing the types of crops you plant every after harvesting them. What this does is it lets soil replenish its lost nutrients from growing the crops before. Hence, with new ones, it can also increase the soil’s structure. There will be fewer risks of erosion and weed growth.
Plus, it’s an excellent strategy in increasing the fertility of the soil. In other words, this practice won’t wear the soil out.
2. Using Permaculture
Permaculture farming (and gardening) has to do with setting up systems on your farm (or garden). Such systems are designed so that waterways are not wasteful, drainage systems are effective, and more.
This one requires a lot of attention and research. If you want to try it out, read on permaculture extensively. Also, seek advice regarding the kind of design that will work for the size of your farm and the kind of crops you’ll be planting.
3. Reducing Tillage
Now, this also is about retaining the nutritional values found in soil. Reducing tillage is about using tools that will let your plant the most in a smaller area. To add, it’s about using a lower intensity in plowing fields, as well as planting in shallow soil surfaces.
A few tips you can follow is to utilize subsoilers or chisel plow shanks. They won’t plow as far down and deep into the soil. This is a crucial step to take before bed-raising. Thus, these are the better option instead of harrow and plows.
It might take some time to get used to sustainable farming. And it might take some time to have a fully sustainable farm. However, it’s not impossible. You simply need a change in farming habits and you’ll be a great help in yielding healthy crops, and in keeping the planet equally healthy.