If you choose to look back into the agricultural history, then you might have to go back ten thousand years. The countries in the world have different population count. To fulfill the food requirement for each country, it will be unquestionably impossible without different types of agriculture techniques. Presently, there are eight different types of agriculture techniques that help in crop cultivation and prevent the soil from damage. In this article, you will know about the different agricultural methods.
Types of Agriculture #1 Shifting Agriculture
- The tribal groups of different countries prefer this farming style to grow root and also tuber crops.
- Such farming requires cleaning forest land in order to obtain the land for cultivation
- If the soil loses its fertility, then the vegetables are shifted to another forest land, and the cultivation resumes.
#2. Intensive Agriculture
- This farming practice is available in areas where the population is dense.
- Moreover, this practice enables farmers to bring out the maximum output of the land.
- It is one of the costliest types of agriculture techniques which also need a significant capital amount and more human labor.
- Though this requires more effort, the cultivation of more than one crop is possible.
#3. Commercial Agriculture
- Commercial agriculture techniques are mostly used to bring out more profit to the farmers.
- Soon after the crop production, the export can be made to other countries to increase the profit rate.
- Some of the crops that grow under commercial agriculture technique are sugarcane, wheat, corn, and cotton.
Types Of Agriculture #4. Extensive Agriculture
- It is a modern technique of farming that includes machinery use. Its use is now famous worldwide without a doubt with the huge growth of crops without much human labor.
- It is limited to produce one plant in a year.
- Amongst the types of agriculture, Extensive technique functions on land where the population is meager.
- The implementation of this technique is in little distant from the city.
#5. Subsistence Farming
- Indeed, this farming technique depends mostly upon personal needs.
- It is the most widely used farming technique.
- The farmers grow crops for personal use and also to sell in local markets and earn a living.
Types of Agriculture #6. Wetland Farming
- Massive flooding and monsoon rains mostly affect some part of the countries of the world.
- These areas are an active zone for cultivating jute, sugarcane, and also rice. These crops also demand heavy rainfall and wet soil.
- Wetland agriculture technique is suitable to fulfill the crop demands and also co-operate with the weather conditions altogether.
#7. Dryland Agriculture
- Desert and more arid areas of the world undergo dry land agriculture technique.
- The crops like bajra, peas, and gramjowar demand less water for cultivation.
- Less water requirement allows these crops to grow here without compromising in its quality particularly grow here without compromising in its quality.
#8. Plantation Agriculture
- Plantation Agriculture is undoubtedly one of the most useful types of agriculture technique.
- The vegetables that require ample space for cultivation and also demands a long growing time, undergoes Plantation agriculture.
- Crops such as tea, coffee, coconut, rubber, cocoa, fruits, and spices require plantation agriculture technique.
The types of agriculture techniques are used worldwide depending upon the crop selection. Crop selection depends upon the weather conditions.